Statue of the Goddess Sakhmet
This statue depicts Sakhmet, the goddess who represented the force of violence and unexpected disaster. Her potential for danger is symbolized by the lion’s head with which she is depicted and by the sun disk she wears. Egyptian physicians saw the treatment of illness in part as appeasement of Sakhmet, and for that reason they were usually priests of the goddess. In withholding her power, Sakhmet bestowed life, symbolized by the ankh sign she holds in her left hand.
Ramesses III and Prince Amenherkhepeshef before Hathor, Tomb of Amenherkhepeshef
This facsimile copies a scene in the tomb of Prince Amenherkhepeshef in the Valley of the Queens. It shows the prince following his father, Ramesses III, who is led by the goddess Hathor. Amenherkhepeshef wears a sidelock of hair, symbolic of youth. The king wears an elaborate garment with a feather pattern and long sashes.
Shabti of Yuya
As the parents of Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep III, Yuya and Tjuyu were granted burial in the Valley of the Kings. They were provided with funerary equipment from the finest royal workshops, as demonstrated by this superbly carved shabti on which even the knees are subtly indicated. The text on these mummiform figurines states that the shabti will substitute for the spirit in any obligatory tasks it is called upon to perform in the afterlife.
Sphinx of Hatshepsut
This colossal sphinx portrays the female pharaoh Hatshepsut with the body of a lion and a human head wearing a nemes headcloth and royal beard. The sculptor has carefully observed the powerful muscles of the lion as contrasted to the handsome, idealized face of the pharaoh. It was one of at least six granite sphinxes that stood in Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. Smashed into many fragments at the order of Hatshepsut’s nephew and successor Thutmose III and dumped in a quarry close by, this beast was recovered by the Metropolitan Museum’s Egyptian Expedition and reassembled. It weighs more than seven tons.